Physical Activity And Osteoporosis Fracture Among Older Women in Malaysia

ABSTRACT
Rabiah Abdurruhman Omar, A121302038. 2015. Physical Activity And Osteoporosis Fracture Among Older Women in Malaysia. THESİS. Sport Science Program Study, Post Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta. Advisor (1) Prof. Dr. Sugiyanto. (2) Prof. Dr. Agus Kristiyanto.

Osteoporosis is a major age related disease affecting millions of women throughout the world. In premenopausal women, high-impact exercise has been suggested to be the most effective regimen. In women the loss of bone mass accelerates as they go through menopause due to a reduction in estrogen level. To study the relationship of physical activity in three levels of mild, moderate, and vigorous on bone strength which presents osteoporosis risk, factors such as age, race, weight, social class, educational level, menopause age, past medical history, smoking, and drinking alcohol were selected and the correlation among them were analyzed.
The results showed that Menopause age was positively correlated with medical history, BMD levels, drinking habit, smoking habit, and negatively correlated with mild exercise “physical activities 1”. Medical history is positively associated with BMD levels. Smoking habit was positively associated with drinking habit and negatively correlated with moderate exercise “physical activities 2” and level of BMD. Drinking habit was negatively correlated with BMD levels and positively correlated with mild exercise “physical activities 1” and moderate exercise “physical activities 2”. Drug usage history was positively with early menopause age, medical history, social class and negatively correlated with mild exercise “physical activity 1” and moderate exercise “physical activities 2”. Mild exercise “physical activities 1” was positively associated with moderate exercise “physical exercise 2” and vigorous exercise “physical exercise 3” and negatively correlated with BMD levels. Moderate exercise “physical activity 2” was positively correlated with vigorous exercise “physical activities 3” and negatively associated with BMD levels. This study indicated that there is significant relationship between physical activity and osteoporosis risk among Malaysian women of 50 years and older.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, Physical activity, and Fracture.

ABSTRAK
Rabiah Abdurruhman Omar, A121302038. 2015. Aktivitas Fisik Dan Cedera Osteoporosis diantara Wanita Dewasa di Malaysia. Tesis. Ilmu Keolahragaan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Pembimbing (1) Prof. Dr. Sugiyanto. (2) Prof. Dr. Agus Kristiyanto.

Osteoporosis adalah penyakit terkait usia utama yang mempengaruhi jutaan wanita di seluruh dunia. Pada wanita premenopause, olahraga berdampak tinggi telah diusulkan untuk menjadi rejimen yang paling efektif. Pada wanita hilangnya massa tulang mempercepat saat mereka pergi melalui menopause karena penurunan tingkat estrogen. Untuk mempelajari hubungan aktivitas fisik dalam tiga tingkat ringan, sedang, dan kuat pada kekuatan tulang yang menyajikan risiko osteoporosis, faktor-faktor seperti usia, ras, berat badan, kelas sosial, tingkat pendidikan, usia menopause, riwayat kesehatan masa lalu, merokok, dan minum alkohol dipilih dan korelasi di antara mereka dianalisis.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usia Menopause berkorelasi positif dengan riwayat kesehatan, tingkat BMD, kebiasaan minum, kebiasaan merokok, dan berkorelasi negatif dengan olahraga ringan “kegiatan fisik 1″. Riwayat kesehatan berhubungan positif dengan tingkat BMD. Kebiasaan merokok positif dengan kebiasaan minum dan berkorelasi negatif dengan olahraga “kegiatan fisik 2″ moderat dan tingkat BMD. Kebiasaan minum berkorelasi negatif dengan tingkat BMD dan berkorelasi positif dengan olahraga ringan “kegiatan fisik 1″ dan latihan moderat “kegiatan fisik 2″. Sejarah penggunaan narkoba adalah positif dengan usia menopause dini, riwayat kesehatan, kelas sosial dan berkorelasi negatif dengan olahraga ringan “aktivitas fisik 1″ dan latihan moderat “kegiatan fisik 2″. Olahraga ringan “kegiatan fisik 1″ positif terkait dengan olahraga ringan “latihan fisik 2″ dan olahraga berat “latihan fisik 3″ dan berkorelasi negatif dengan tingkat BMD. Olahraga ringan “aktivitas fisik 2″ berkorelasi positif dengan olahraga “kegiatan fisik 3″ kuat dan negatif terkait dengan tingkat BMD. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan yang signifikan antara aktivitas fisik dan resiko osteoporosis di kalangan perempuan Malaysia dari 50 tahun dan lebih tua.

Kata kunci: Osteoporosis, aktivitas fisik, dan Fracture.