BGL Indonesia Program Seminar
Child Malnutrition in Indonesia: A multilevel analyses of stunting
Dr Tri Mulyaningsih1, Dr Vitri Widyaningsih2
1. Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
2. Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, 57126, Indonesia
Date: Wednesday, 28 October 2020
Time: 2:00 – 3:00 PM Canberra, Melbourne, Sydney or 10:00-11:00 AM WIB, Indonesia
About the Speakers
Tri Mulyaningsih is a Lecturer in Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Sebelas Maret. She completed her PhD in Economics from the University of Canberra in 2014. Currently, she is the coordinator of the Doctoral Program in Economics and Head of Applied Microeconomic Research Group at the University. She is actively involved in international research collaboration on skills, human capital, and issues in health economics.
Vitri Widyaningsih is a Lecturer in Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS). She finished her Master and PhD in Epidemiology as well as Graduate Certificate in Program Evaluation at Michigan State University. As a social epidemiologist, her research focuses on investigating social determinants of health for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and occupational diseases, including mental health, as well as maternal and child health.
This study investigated the determinants of child malnutrition in Indonesia using a multilevel mixed effects analysis of child stunting that is prevalent in the country. This study is the outcome of a collaboration between University of Canberra and Universitas Sebelas Maret. We analysed the 4th and 5th waves of the Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS), conducted between 2007 and 2015 in 13 provinces. Data from 8,045 children aged 0-60 months were analyzed. In order to account for the clustering of children within households and households within regions, the study employed a Multilevel Mixed Effect Regression analysis. The results reveal that there are rural/urban differences in the prevalence of malnutrition in Indonesia. Stunting and wasting are more prevalent in rural areas (31.3% and 5.2%) compared to urban areas (22.3% and 4.3%). Whereas the prevalence of overweight is higher in urban areas (6.8%), compared to rural areas (5.2%). Additionally, there are significant differences by economic factors between children from poorer and affluent families. Our analysis shows while the stunting in Indonesia significantly varied by provinces, sub-districts and households, household level differences accounted for maximum level of variations in child stunting. The study highlights that there is scope for specific and comprehensive intervention segregated by household level socioeconomic factors that may improve the nutritional status of children in Indonesia.